The name for the alpini hat is “a la calabrese” and this is how you can distinguish the Alpini Soldiers from any other. The hat is the shape of an isosceles triangle on its side and is made from felt. The colour of the hat can vary from black, green or grey.
The first hats were black felt with a black leather band around the base of the hat and on the front, a metal five-pointed star with the number of the soldiers’ regiment in the centre of it. The hat also had tricolour cockade on the left side (although partly covered by the leather band around the base). You could tell what authority each solider had from the feather in his cap;
- Black crows feather for troops
- Eagles feather for Officers
- White feathers in caps to symbolize superior Officers (from Major to Colonel).
In 1910 the alpini hat had some changes made to it in that it was to now be grey/green in colour, although still the same shape as before and made from felt. The hat would still have the woollen “nappina” for troops and the silver plated Sabaudian Cross “nappina” for Officers, but all of the hats were now to have eagles feathers. The badge is now made of black material and is an eagle upon a horn/rifles with the regiment number on it which replaces the previously used metal badge. Officers have a silver “V” on the left side of the hat. As of today, the hat has never been changed.