Italian is more or less pronounced as it is written; every vowel and consonant is fully pronounced. Where there is a double consonant, this indicates that you should stress this part of the word more. If you don’t take care to do this, then the meaning of the word can change completely, e.g. capelli (hair), cappelli (hats). Some words in the Italian language have an accent which is usually written above a vowel to indicate more stress on this part of the word, e.g., meta (aim), metà (half). Please note that the letter h in Italian is silent, it is only used to give the letters c and g a hard sound and is never used on its own.
|a||as in||casa (house)||compare with||star|
|z||scusare (to be sorry)||rose|
You will notice that there are many words in Italian with similar spelling/sound but have completely different meanings; la gonna (skirt) plural is le gonne and le gomme (tires for a car).